Revamp Your Pool: How to Resurface a Pool in 6 Simple Steps


    To resurface a pool, first drain all the water, chip away the old surface, apply a new surface layer, and fill the pool with water again. Are you seeking to spruce up your old pool?

    Pool resurfacing is a fantastic method to improve your pool’s appearance, increase its longevity, and make it safer to swim in. Over time, pool surfaces deteriorate due to weathering, water chemistry, and wear and tear, requiring resurfacing. On the bright side, resurfacing your pool can be straightforward and straightforward.

    You can either do it yourself or hire a professional to do it for you. Either way, the steps to resurface a pool are the same. This article provides a guide on how to resurface a pool to help you save money on hiring a technician.

    Revamp Your Pool: How to Resurface a Pool  in 6 Simple Steps


    Table of Contents

    Understanding The Process Of Resurfacing A Pool

    A pool is undoubtedly an enjoyable and relaxing place to spend your summer days. Unfortunately, pool surfaces are prone to damage due to various factors such as age, weather, and chemicals. These damages can create safety hazards, affect the pool’s aesthetic appeal, and increase maintenance costs.

    Hence, it is crucial to maintain and resurface your pool regularly to keep it in good condition.

    Introduction To The Importance Of Resurfacing A Pool

    Resurfacing a pool has many advantages that guarantee a safe, enjoyable, and beautiful experience while swimming. Here are some of the benefits of resurfacing a pool:

    • Enhances the pool’s aesthetics: Over time, pool surfaces become ugly and worn-out, making your pool look uninviting. Resurfacing the pool restores its appearance and improves its appeal.
    • Prevents safety hazards: Damaged pool surfaces can cause injury, leading to unnecessary medical attention or even fatal accidents. Resurfacing your pool ensures it is safe for swimmers of all ages.
    • Reduces maintenance costs: Pool surfaces with cracks, chips, or leaks can cause leaks or lead to high chemical use, requiring more frequent maintenance. Resurfacing your pool ensures a smooth surface that is easy to clean, reducing maintenance costs.

    Factors That Damage A Pool Surface

    Various factors can damage a pool surface. Understanding these factors can help you maintain and prolong your pool’s life. Here are some factors that damage a pool surface:

    • Age: Pools have a limited lifespan and become more vulnerable to damage as they age. Over time, the pool surface weakens, creating cracks, chips, and leaks, which require resurfacing.
    • Chemical imbalance: Pool water needs to be balanced chemically to protect the pool surface from damage. Acidic water or high chlorine levels can cause corrosion, leading to surface erosion or leakage.
    • Weather: Pool surfaces are exposed to hot, cold, and wet weather conditions, which cause surface damage over time. Extreme weather conditions such as heavy rain, hail, or snow can also cause surface cracks or chips.
    • Poor maintenance: Lack of maintenance, such as not cleaning the pool regularly, can cause algae growth, which can damage the surface.

    Resurfacing a pool is a process that involves removing the old worn-out surface and applying a new coating. This process helps restore your pool’s aesthetics, prevents safety hazards, and reduces maintenance costs. Understanding the various factors that cause damage to a pool surface can help you maintain and prolong your pool’s lifespan.

    Regular maintenance, including resurfacing, can ensure that your pool remains safe, attractive, and enjoyable for years to come.

    Step 1: Draining Your Pool

    Resurfacing your pool can be a daunting and overwhelming task, but it doesn’t have to be. Proper preparation is crucial to ensure a smooth resurfacing process. The first step in resurfacing your pool is to drain it completely. In this section, we will discuss the importance of draining your pool, safety measures to consider when draining your pool, and tips on how to drain your pool efficiently.

    Importance Of Draining Your Pool

    Draining your pool is a crucial step before resurfacing it. Here’s why draining your pool is important:

    • Draining your pool is necessary to detect any underlying damages or leaks in the pool structure.
    • The old plaster or surface should be completely dry before you start resurfacing, and draining is the only way to achieve that.
    • If you skip this step, the new surface will not adhere properly to the old surface, which can lead to more significant problems in the future.

    Safety Measures To Consider When Draining Your Pool

    Draining your pool can be a risky task, and precautions must be taken to ensure everyone’s safety, including yourself, your family, and even your neighbors. Here are some safety measures to consider:

    • Before you begin, ensure that everyone is aware that the pool is out of service and is not to be used during the resurfacing process.
    • Turn off all electrical power sources near your pool, including the pool pump and other equipment.
    • Hire a professional to drain your pool if you’re unsure about how to do it yourself.
    • Wear protective clothing and safety gear such as rubber gloves to prevent chemicals from coming in contact with your skin.

    Tips On How To Drain Your Pool Efficiently

    Draining your pool can be an exhausting task, but with these tips, you can make the process more manageable and efficient:

    • Equipment such as a submersible pump can help you drain your pool quickly and easily.
    • Drain your pool into a sewer line or get a permit to dispose of the water properly.
    • Do not drain the water into a storm drain or onto surrounding properties as it can cause environmental damage.
    • Allow for enough time to completely drain your pool before starting the resurfacing process, which can take up to a week.

    Draining your pool is a crucial step in the resurfacing process, and it’s important to take necessary precautions to ensure a safe and efficient process. By following these tips, you’ll be one step closer to having a beautifully resurfaced pool.

    Step 2: Preparing The Pool Surface For Resurfacing

    Inspecting The Pool For Damages

    Before you begin resurfacing your pool, it’s essential to check its surface for any damages. Here’s what you must do to inspect your pool properly:

    • Drain the pool completely and let it dry.
    • Look for any cracks, chips, or damage that may have occurred on the surface.
    • Inspect the pool’s plumbing fixtures, including the skimmers, jets, and drains, to check for cracks or leaks.
    • Check the pool’s deck or coping stones, as they can affect the pool’s surface.

    Patching Cracks, Chips, And Other Damages

    Resurfacing your pool’s surface requires fixing any cracks or chips that you may have found during your inspection. Here are the steps to follow:

    • Chisel out any damaged or loose parts using a hammer and a chisel.
    • Clean the area around the damaged part using a wire brush or a pressure washer.
    • Fill the cracks and chips with a suitable pool patching compound.
    • Smooth out the patched area using a trowel and let it dry for at least 24 hours.

    Sandblasting Or Etching The Pool Surface

    Once you’ve completed the necessary repairs, you can proceed to the next step, which is sandblasting or etching the pool surface. It is essential because it helps to create a porous surface that allows the new pool finish to adhere correctly.

    Here’s what you should do:

    • Rent a sandblasting machine from a local rental store and load it with the appropriate abrasive material.
    • Cover your surrounding areas adequately to avoid the abrasive material from spreading.
    • Sandblast the pool surface or use etching solution to create a porous surface.
    • Wash away any debris left by sandblasting using a pressure washer.

    Following these steps, you can prepare your pool’s surface for resurfacing, making it look brand new again.

    Step 3: Applying Bond Coat

    The Importance Of Applying Bond Coat

    Before proceeding with the application of a bond coat, it is essential to understand its importance. Bond coat prepares the pool’s surface for the final layer of finish, providing an excellent base for the new surface. Here are some reasons why applying bond coat is crucial for a successful resurfacing project:

    • Bond coat enhances the adhesion of the new surface with the pool’s old surface, ensuring that the final layer remains intact for a more extended period.
    • It acts as a protective layer against chemicals, sunlight, and weather conditions, preventing any deterioration from exposure to harsh elements, maintaining the pool’s appearance.
    • The use of bond coat ensures that the finishing layer is smooth and even, creating a seamless and attractive surface that will impress the pool’s users.

    Types Of Bond Coat Available

    Several types of bond coat are available in the market, and selecting the most suitable option depends on specific factors, such as the type of resurfacing material used and the pool’s condition. Here are some types of bond coats:

    • Epoxy bond coat – this bond coat is ideal for pools with severe structural damage, requiring a more robust bonding agent. Epoxy bond coat can withstand high pressures and ensure an excellent bond between old and new surfaces.
    • Acrylic bond coat – this bond coat is more versatile and can be applied on different surfaces, including concrete, plaster, and fiberglass. Acrylic bond coat is relatively easy to apply and dries quickly, making it a popular choice among pool contractors.
    • Modified cement bond coat – this bond coat is a blend of cement and other materials that improve its bonding properties. Modified cement bond coat is ideal for pools that require a more rigid and durable surface, such as those subjected to heavy usage.

    Application Of Bond Coat

    Applying bond coat requires a specific technique to ensure that it works effectively. Here are some essential steps to take when applying bond coat:

    • Clean the pool’s surface thoroughly and remove any debris, dust, or other materials that could interfere with the bond coat’s adhesive properties.
    • Apply a thin layer of bond coat using a roller or sprayer, ensuring that the entire surface is covered evenly.
    • Let the bond coat dry completely before proceeding with the final layer of finishing material. Typically, this takes between two to three hours, depending on the type of bond coat used and the weather conditions.
    • It’s advisable to apply the final coating layer as soon as possible once the bond coat is entirely dry to prevent oxidation, which can affect the bond coat’s properties.

    Applying bond coat is an integral part of resurfacing a pool. Choosing the right type of bond coat and applying it correctly can make a considerable difference in the pool’s longevity and appearance. Therefore, it is essential to follow the correct process when applying bond coat, ensuring that the final surface appears seamless, attractive, and long-lasting.

    Step 4: Applying Finish Coat

    Understanding The Types Of Finishes

    When it comes to resurfacing your pool, one of the critical steps is choosing the right finish for your pool. There are primarily two types of finishes, plaster, and aggregate.

    Plaster Finish

    Plaster finish for your pool is ideal for those who prefer a sleek, classic look. It is a popular choice because of its smooth surface, durability, and cost-effectiveness. However, over time, plaster finishes tend to discolor and develop cracks.

    Aggregate Finish

    Aggregate finish, on the other hand, is a more durable and long-lasting option for pool surfaces. It has a textured, non-slip surface and gives a unique look to your pool. The finish is a mixture of small stones, pebbles, and cement.

    It is more expensive than plaster finish because of its durability and longevity.

    Applying The Finish Coat

    Once you have chosen the right type of finish for your pool, the next step is applying the finish coat. Applying a finish coat requires precision, patience, and skill. Follow these steps to apply the finish coat:

    Step 1: Preparing The Pool Surface

    First, prepare the pool surface by cleaning and removing any debris, leaves, or dirt. Afterward, clean the surface with muriatic acid to create a textured surface for the plaster or aggregate to adhere to. Rinse the pool surface with water and let it dry.

    Step 2: Mixing The Finish Coat

    Next, mix the finish coat according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure to measure the ingredients accurately to achieve a consistent finish. Once mixed, apply it immediately to prevent it from drying out prematurely.

    Step 3: Applying The Finish Coat

    Start applying the finish coat using a trowel, starting from the deep end and moving towards the shallow end. Work in small areas, applying the finish coat evenly across the surface, ensuring that there are no visible lines or marks.

    Step 4: Smooth Finish

    To achieve a smooth finish, go back and smooth out any visible marks with a trowel. Continuously watch the surface and smooth out visible lines and marks that appear. With patience and skill, a smooth finish can be achieved.

    Tips On Achieving A Smooth Finish

    To ensure that the finish coat is smooth and flawless, follow these tips:

    • Apply the finish coat in thin, even coats
    • Use a pool trowel to ensure an even application
    • Work in small areas to prevent the finish coat from drying prematurely
    • Keep the surface moist to prevent cracking
    • Smooth out any visible marks with a trowel

    Remember, applying a finish coat requires patience, skill, and attention to detail. Following these tips will ensure a smooth, flawless finish for your pool.

    Step 5: Filling The Pool

    Resurfacing a pool can seem like a daunting task, but with the right knowledge and tools, it can be done correctly without stress. In this step-by-step guide, we will focus on step 5: filling the pool. It is essential to fill your pool correctly to ensure it functions well and is safe to swim in.

    Importance Of Filling The Pool Correctly

    Here are some key points to keep in mind regarding the importance of filling the pool correctly:

    • Filling the pool with the right amount of water is crucial to ensure proper water circulation, filtration, and chemical disbursement.
    • Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions when adding water to the pool.
    • Filling the pool before plaster curing will prevent plaster cracking and discoloration.
    • Properly filled pools last longer and are easier to maintain.

    Steps To Filling The Pool

    Here are some simple steps to follow when filling your pool:

    • Begin filling the pool with water, making sure to aim the nozzle towards the deepest part of the pool.
    • Constantly monitor the water level as the pool fills. Adjust the water flow accordingly, and do not let the water overflow.
    • Only use fresh water with no metals or minerals. Re-using old water can lead to chemical imbalances and can damage your equipment.
    • Once the pool reaches the recommended water level, turn off the filling valve immediately.
    • Verify that the pool equipment is functioning properly before swimming. This includes checking the filter, heater, and pump.

    Determining Proper Pool Chemistry

    Proper pool chemistry is vital to maintaining a clean and healthy pool. Before using the pool, it is essential to make sure that the pool chemistry is correct. Here are some key factors to consider:

    • Ph levels: The ph level should be between 7.4 and 7.6 to ensure the water is not too acidic or basic for safe swimming.
    • Alkalinity levels: Alkalinity levels should be between 80 and 120 parts per million (ppm) to maintain the ph level within the recommended range.
    • Calcium hardness: Calcium hardness levels should be between 200 and 400 ppm to prevent corrosion of the pool pipes and equipment.
    • Chlorine levels: Chlorine levels should be between 1.0 and 3.0 ppm to ensure proper disinfection of the pool.

    Filling your pool correctly is crucial in ensuring your pool functions well and is safe to swim in. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions, monitor the water level, and check the pool equipment before use. Moreover, always maintain the proper pool chemistry to ensure a clean and healthy swimming environment.

    Step 6: Curing And Maintenance

    Resurfacing a pool may seem like a daunting task, but it’s essential to maintain your pool’s longevity. After following the previous five steps, you’re now ready for the crucial final step of curing and maintenance. This step is crucial to ensure your pool surface stays in top condition.

    Understanding The Importance Of Curing The Pool Surface

    Curing the pool surface is the process of allowing the newly resurfaced area to settle and dry completely. It takes time and patience, but it’s essential to allow the surface to cure correctly. The curing time depends on the type of surface applied and the weather conditions.

    Here are some reasons why curing is so important:

    • Prevents blistering and cracking of the surface
    • Increases the longevity of the pool surface
    • Allows the surface to dry thoroughly, which ensures a smooth finish
    • Enhances the adherence of the surface to the pool wall

    Curing Timeframes

    The length of time needed for curing the pool surface varies based on several factors. Here are some general guidelines:

    • For plaster surfaces: Allow the surface to cure for at least seven days before filling the pool with water. Moreover, only fill the pool with water up to 50% capacity for the first 24 hours, then add water periodically over the next few days.
    • For pebble surfaces: Allow the surface to cure for at least three days before filling the pool with water. Moreover, only fill the pool with water up to 50% capacity for the first 24 hours, then add water periodically over the next few days.
    • For painted surfaces: Allow the surface to cure for at least two days before filling the pool with water. Moreover, only fill the pool with water up to 50% capacity for the first 24 hours, then add water periodically over the next few days.

    Maintenance Tips To Keep Your New Pool Surface In Top Condition

    After going through the taxing process of resurfacing your pool, the last thing you would want is for it to deteriorate again. Here are some maintenance tips to ensure your new pool surface stays in top condition:

    • Regularly clean and maintain the pool to prevent a build-up of debris or algae growth.
    • Keep the pool water balanced by keeping the ph levels and chlorine content in check.
    • Refrain from leaving chemicals or cleaning agents on the pool surface for extended periods.
    • Avoid using abrasive tools or brushes when cleaning the pool as it could scratch the surface.
    • Frequently check for any early signs of, or leaks in the pool and address them promptly.

    Ensuring that your pool surface is correctly cured and adequately maintained will enhance the lifespan of the surface. Follow these simple steps to maintain the condition of your pool surface, and you can enjoy a beautiful, smooth pool for years to come.

    Conclusion: Tips To Keep Your Resurfaced Pool Looking Great

    Understanding The Benefits Of Regular Pool Maintenance

    A well-maintained pool keeps the water clean and safe, enhances the pool’s lifespan, and saves money on repairs. Regular pool maintenance involves checking the pool chemistry, cleaning the pool walls and floor, and inspecting the pool equipment. Pool owners should hire professional pool cleaners annually for routine maintenance.

    Tips To Keep Your New Pool Surface Looking Great

    To maintain your pool’s new surface, keep the ph level of the pool water between 7. 4-7. 6 and the alkalinity level between 100-150 parts per million (ppm). Too high or low ph and alkalinity levels can cause scaling, staining, and etching on the pool surface.

    Regularly skim the pool surface, scrub pool walls, vacuum the pool’s base, and clean the pool equipment. Avoid using sharp objects, like pool toys or cleaning tools, on the pool surface as they can scratch and damage the surface.

    Here are some more tips to keep your pool surface looking great:

    • Keep your pool water level consistent and avoid overfilling or draining too much water.
    • Heat water to a minimum temperature as recommended by the pool manufacturer.
    • Keep the pool chemicals in a dry and cool place, and make sure to follow the instructions on the packaging.
    • Do not allow pets, especially dogs, to enter the pool as their nails can scratch and damage the surface.

    Recommended Frequency For Resurfacing Your Pool

    The ideal frequency for resurfacing a pool depends on several factors like the pool age, usage, and the quality of the surface material. A concrete pool usually lasts 10-15 years. However, saltwater pools cause faster wear and tear on pool surfaces, reducing this lifespan.

    Signs it’s time to resurface your pool include large cracks, chipping, and staining. It’s best to resurface your pool before it starts to show significant signs of wear and tear. A professional pool resurfacer can help to determine the ideal time frame for your pool.

    Remember these tips to keep your pool in great condition and looking good. With regular maintenance and timely resurfacing, you can ensure your pool remains a fun and safe place for everyone to enjoy!

    Frequently Asked Questions Of How To Resurface A Pool

    Is It Necessary To Resurface A Pool?

    Yes, it’s important to resurface a pool as over time, the plaster wears down. Resurfacing not only gives your pool a new look, but it also protects the pool from damage, and extends its life span.

    How Long Does It Take To Resurface A Pool?

    The time it takes to resurface a pool depends on the size of the pool, the type of finish, and the contractor. However, it usually takes about four to six weeks to complete a full resurfacing job, including prep work and curing time.

    How Often Should A Pool Be Resurfaced?

    A pool should be resurfaced every 10-15 years, or sooner if there are visible signs of wear and tear. Even if the pool looks fine, it’s important to have a professional inspect it to determine if resurfacing is necessary.

    Can You Resurface Your Pool Yourself?

    Resurfacing a pool is a complex and labor-intensive process that requires specific tools, knowledge, and experience. It’s not recommended to attempt a diy resurfacing job unless you have professional experience or are willing to take the time and effort to learn the process thoroughly.

    How Much Does It Cost To Resurface A Pool?

    The cost of resurfacing a pool varies depending on the size of the pool, the type of finish, and the location. On average, it can cost anywhere from $3,500 to $7,000 for a basic pool resurfacing job. However, if additional repairs or upgrades are needed, the cost can increase significantly.


    Transforming an old, worn-out pool into something brand new and exciting can be quite the undertaking, but with the right tools and know-how, anyone can tackle it. Resurfacing your pool can be a great way to give it a facelift.

    Armed with an understanding of the process and a basic toolbox, you can transform your dingy old pool into an oasis for your family and friends to enjoy. Throughout this blog post, we’ve covered everything you need to know about how to resurface a pool, from assessing your old pool to selecting the appropriate materials and executing the final touches.

    While it may seem like a daunting task, resurfacing your pool doesn’t have to be overwhelming. By following our guidelines, you can dive into this project with confidence and emerge with a gorgeous, revitalized pool that’s sure to make a splash!


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